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Thousand Oaks, Armistice, Lion Air: Your Friday Briefing

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Good morning. Another mass taking pictures within the U.S., a century because the Armistice, and the way the Mandarin duck were given its title.

Here’s the most recent:

• A mass taking pictures in California.

Investigators have been on the lookout for clues to why a former Marine armed with a .45-caliber handgun, legally received, opened hearth at a crowded dance corridor in Thousand Oaks, Calif., on Wednesday night time, killing 12 other people.

He was once known as Ian D. Long, 28, a battle veteran. He had served in Afghanistan and was once later evaluated for post-traumatic tension. But the government mentioned they’d made up our minds that he posed no danger.

He died after being faced by way of law enforcement officials, together with person who turned into his sufferer, Sgt. Ron Helus. Sergeant Helus was once venerated Thursday within the procession noticed above.

Some of the masses of the folks within the membership had survived the mass taking pictures at a rustic tune pageant closing yr in Las Vegas, the place 58 other people have been killed.

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• 100 years after the Armistice.

Dozens of global leaders will commemorate the tip of World War I in France this weekend, and President Emmanuel Macron, above, hopes the instance places them in thoughts of the risks of nationalism.

But as he will get in a position to inherit de facto management of the E.U. from Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, Mr. Macron is a decreased determine.

On the sector level, he has few allies in protecting immigration and liberal governance. In Europe, he’s despised by way of emerging populist actions. At house, his insurance policies and aristocratic symbol are striking other people off.

Mr. Macron not too long ago likened this period to the only between the sector wars. Analysts advised us he’ll must do a greater process of grappling with discontent if he hopes to modify the Continent’s direction.

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• Another jam-packed day in American politics.

To justify the White House’s bizarre transfer of barring the CNN reporter Jim Acosta, Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders falsely claimed he had laid fingers on a body of workers member, above proper, throughout a contentious presidential information convention. Ms. Sanders circulated misleadingly edited video of the stumble upon that got here from an notorious conspiracy web page.

Meanwhile, the Trump management claimed huge authority to disclaim asylum to nearly any migrant who crosses the border illegally.

And there have been new information about the appearing lawyer basic, Mark Whitaker, a skeptic of the Russia investigation who’s now tasked with overseeing it. He was once at the advisory board of an organization accused of bilking consumers and has criticized the Supreme Court’s energy of judicial evaluation, a foundational theory of American executive.

• What introduced down Lion Air Flight 610?

We’ve had newshounds world wide consulting investigators, pilots and aviation mavens, looking to perceive what can have brought about a brand new Boeing jet to crash into the Java Sea closing week, at the price of 189 lives.

What they’ve been in a position to reconstruct is an finish that will were terrifying however swift.

The single-aisle Boeing plane seems to have plummeted nose-first at up to 400 m.p.h., hanging the waves in lower than a minute. And it’s develop into transparent that there would possibly were a complete cascade of issues — together with misguided knowledge, a burst of complicated alarms within the cockpit and the tradition at Lion Air, an Indonesian airline.

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Google overhauls its sexual misconduct coverage.

The era large mentioned it will finish compelled arbitration for sexual harassment or attack claims, days after greater than 20,000 of its staff world wide, brought about by way of a Times investigation, walked out in protest of the way the corporate handles circumstances of sexual misconduct. Above, one of the vital walkouts.

The unified motion by way of employees underlines how, with few regulations to control Silicon Valley, staff have taken it on themselves to modify how the corporations function on this planet.

• Review: Facebook’s Portal units, above, are neatly designed however nonetheless slightly creepy, our era columnists write.

• Tesla named Robyn Denholm, the manager monetary officer on the Australian telecommunications large Telstra, to exchange Elon Musk as chair.

• We’re introducing a Sunday publication, “With Interest,” to deliver you very important industry insights to prep you for the week forward. Sign up right here.

Here’s a snapshot of world markets.

• “A game of chicken”: U.S. naval commanders see rising dangers of a conflict with China within the disputed waters of the South China Sea. Above, a U.S. cruiser within the area. [The New York Times]

• A Spanish legislation that seeks to compensate for the expulsion of Sephardic Jews in 1492, by way of giving their descendants a trail to citizenship, is attracting Hispanics with Sephardic heritage who say they’re anxious about rising racism within the U.S. [The New York Times]

• Prince Charles, who’s steadily outspoken and arguable, mentioned that he could be extra circumspect about expressing his perspectives as king. [The New York Times]

• A French court docket dominated sculpture by way of Jeff Koons improperly copied a 1985 clothes advert, and ordered Mr. Koons to pay its writer $170,000. [The New York Times]

• France’s best possible literary award, the Goncourt Prize, went to Nicolas Mathieu for “Leurs Enfants Après Eux” (“Their Children After Them”), his novel of youngsters rising up in a crumbling area of France within the 1990s. [The New York Times]

• Vintage: Archaeologists came upon a bronze pot in China that they believe incorporates a number of liters of two,000-year-old wine. [The South China Morning Post]

Tips for a extra satisfying existence.

Leonor Fini, a forgotten and uncategorizable determine in 20th century European artwork who was once just about the Surrealists however rejected the label, whilst inverting same old gender roles in her paintings, is the topic of a retrospective on the Museum of Sex in Manhattan. Above, “Woman Seated on a Naked Man.”

• “The Tattooist of Auschwitz,” a singular by way of a first-time Australian creator that simply hit No. 1 at the Times paperback fiction record, tells an not likely love tale set on the Nazi dying camp, in line with actual occasions.

• The movie director Wes Anderson and his spouse, the creator and fashion designer Juman Malouf, got loose rein in Austria’s biggest museum. Our critic reviewed the effects.

Recently, a customer has been noticed paddling round in a lake in New York’s Central Park: a brightly coloured little duck.

The duck, above, a local to East Asia that temporarily turned into a celeb on social media, is a yuānyang (鸳鸯) in China. In English, it’s a Mandarin duck. Why?

The bird’s colourful plumage recollects the get dressed of presidency bureaucrats centuries in the past, referred to as mandarins within the West. The identical connection implemented to the dialect the ones officers used. Even mandarin oranges were given the linguistic overlay.

But mandarin isn’t a Chinese phrase. Its etymology is disputed.

Some say that throughout the Qing dynasty, visiting Westerners heard other people calling executive officers of the ruling magnificence “mǎn dàrén” (满大人): Manchu “big man” or “boss.”

Others say that the time period comes from “menteri,” the Malay for “court councilor” or “minister,” and that the 16th-century Portuguese who used Malaysia as a stepping stone into China wrote it as “mandarin.”

The little duck in Central Park has been solo, however in China, its cousins are believed to be lifelong . There is a pronouncing: A couple of Mandarin geese is extra enviable than an immortal.

Amy Chang Chien wrote nowadays’s again tale. It was once first revealed in our new Chinese-language Morning Briefing. (Sign-up for that right here.)

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